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Onshore Power Supply

EU Policy

2025 Mandatory Shore Power in EU
The European Union approved the Directive 2014/94/EU on the deployment of Alternative Fuel Infrastructures in 2014. This Directive obliges Member States to implement alternative infrastructure networks such as shore-side power technology by December 2025. Article 4 of this directive specifically states:

“Member States shall ensure that the need for shore-side electricity supply for inland waterway vessels and sea-going ships in maritime and inland ports is assessed in their national policy frameworks. Such shore-side electricity supply shall be installed as a priority in ports of the TEN-T Core Network, and in other ports, by 31 December 2025, unless there is no demand and the costs are disproportionate to the benefits, including environmental benefits.”

Therefore, the provision of shore power at EU ports will become a mandatory requirement by 2025. Under this Directive, Member States shall ensure:

  • Shore-side electricity supply for waterborne vessels is installed in ports provided that it is cost-effective and has environmental benefits.
  • Shore-side electricity supply shall comply with the technical specifications by 31 December: relevant EN standard, to be adopted by 2014, and, pending the publication of this standard, with the technical specifications of the IEC/ISO/ IEEE 80005-1 standard.

EU recommendation
The European Commission has been studying the effects of use of onshore power. Based on this work, the European Commission has issued a recommendation stating that Member States should consider the installation of shore-side electricity for use by ships at berth in ports. Installations should be particularly be placed in ports where air quality limit values are exceeded or where there are concern about the high levels of noise nuisance, especially in berths near residential areas.

The European Commission also invites Member States to consider offering economic incentives to operators to use shore-side electricity provided to ships, taking advantage of the possibilities set out in Community legislation.

Energy tax reduction
In 2007 the Commission presented a Communication on an Integrated Maritime Policy for the European Union. In this paper the Commission announced that it would develop proposals to reduce the levels of air pollution from ships in ports, by removing the tax disadvantages for shoreside power. As part of the revision of the Energy Tax Directive (2003/96), exemption from energy taxes for onshore power is now under discussion. At present, countries have different energy taxes. Anticipating on this potential energy tax exemption, Sweden successfully requested to apply reduced tax rates to OPS from the European Commission.

0.1 % S fuel at berth mandatory
Under EU Directive 2005/33 the use of 0.1 % sulphur by weight for marine fuels used by ships at berth in Community ports became mandatory as of 1 January, 2010. The Directive allows OPS as an alternative.